1 State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation, Institute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 123007, Russia, Moscow, 76A Khoroshevskoye Ch.
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Research methodology and methods used in experiment Mars-500 held at the Institute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2009-2011 are considered. 6 volunteers were isolated during 520 days in a sealed ground-based facility simulating space ship. Along with studies of the Martian crew, a number of satellite research were also carried out, which were devoted to the long-term program of medical and ecological investigations. This program was aimed at the study of the dynamics of adaptation abilities of the organism during its long stay in the natural social, living and industrial environments. For physiological investigations in experiment Mars-500, including the main experiment in a sealed ground-based facility and parallel long-term medical and ecological investigations in different regions of the world, the specialized hardwaresoftware complex "Ecosan-2007" was used. The methodology was based on the principles of prenosological diagnostics that have been further developed in the concept of adaptation risks and in the probabilistic approach to their evaluation. For evaluation of various components of the autonomous regulation state the method of heart rate variability (HRV) was used. It was concluded that the most important field in experiment Mars-500 was the investigation of the methodology of prenosological diagnostic in the preparation of a space mission to Mars.
Roman –ú. Baevsky, Evgenie Y. Bersenev, Anna G. Chernikova. Issues of health evaluation during simulated space mission to Mars. Part 1. Research methodology and methods used in experiment Mars-500; Cardiometry; No.2; May 2013; p.7-18; DOI: 10.12710/cardiometry.2013.2.718 Available from: http://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no2-may-2013/methodology-and-methods-used-in-experiment-mars-500