Aneurysms of the atrial appendages are rare and extremely rare clinical entities. It can be confused with pericardial cyst, coronary artery aneurysm, left ventricular pseudo-aneurysm and partial or complete congenital absence of the pericardium.
Hemobilia is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Classical presentations of hemobilia are biliary colic, jaundice, hematochezia and melena. Persistent bleeding sometimes requires urgent therapeutic intervention, such as angiographic intervention or surgery. It may be secondary to trauma, inflammatory disorders, gallstones or tumors. Hepatic artery aneurysm rupture is a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding.