Webinar 2. Laws of Cardiometry

Webinar 2. Laws of Cardiometry

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Summary

The CARDIOMETRY belongs to the natural sciences: it is based on the laws of physics which are fundamental for all natural science systems.

The CARDIOMETRY rests on 5 basic laws describing the performance of the cardiovascular system.

The knowledge of these laws is important for practice: it is a useful tool for making diagnosis by analysis for establishing cause-effect relationships.

Law 1
The blood flow in the heart and the blood vessels is organized under the conditions of elevated fluidity (which is said to be the third mode of flow to differ from the laminar or turbulent mode), and the elevated fluidity mode exhibits low friction due to a specific flow pattern formed by alternating rings of blood elements and plasma.

Consequences

1) The entire anatomy design of the circulatory system is dedicated to the formation and the maintenance of the above specific flow mode;

2) Every cardiac cycle consists of ten phases, and each of the phases undertakes its own predetermined function of providing and maintaining the proper hemodynamics;

3) The quality of each function depends on amplitude and intensity of contractions of the respective muscles within the circulatory system;

4) There is a compensatory mechanism of the circulatory system muscle contractility that is responsible for maintaining hemodynamic parameters within their norms. The compensatory mechanism operates as follows: if any muscle group in the circulatory system shows a decreased contractile function, the other one within the system will automatically increase their contractile activity to compensate the loss of contractility.

Law 2
The SA and the AV nodes of the heart plus the aorta baroreceptors (AB) are neural centers which generate nervous impulses (action potentials) as soon as blood pressure at the said baroreceptors reaches the predetermined level.

Consequence:

The pressure applied to the baroreceptor is the only factor initiating generation of the nervous impulse (action potential) and activating the mechanism of contractile function of the muscles in the circulatory system.

Law 3
The SA node is responsible for closing of atrioventricular valves.

Consequence:

If the atrioventricular valves cannot complete their closing procedure at the end of the atrial systole phase in each cardiac cycle, the residual pressure in the atrium will act on the SA node and necessarily initiate another atrial contraction that will be reflected as the second P wave on ECG (which is the cause of atrial arrhythmia).

Law 4
The AV node controls three mechanisms responsible for the formation of the specific blood flow pattern. These mechanisms are as follows:

1) Regulation of diastolic pressure in the aorta (carotid artery);

2) Generation of vortex-type flows of blood before opening of aortic valve (carotid artery valve);

3) Opening of the aortic valve (carotid artery valve).

Consequences

1) The generation of the nervous impulse by the AV node in each cardiac cycle occurs three times that is found on an ECG as the QRS-complex, the S-L and the L-j phase;

2) Under heavy physical loading, nervous impulses of this sort can be generated up to seven times.

Law 5
The ABs (the carotid artery baroreceptors) perform the function of maintaining the produced blood flow pattern and driving blood via the blood vessels under the conditions of elevated fluidity.

Consequences

1) Amplitude of the expansion of the aorta (carotid artery) depends on a value of the pressure applied to the ABs that is reflected as amplitude of the T-wave on ECG;

2) Amplitude of the aorta expansion regulates the blood flow resistance.

Laws of Cardiometry: their manifestation & markers on ECG.

CARDIOMETRY’s Library

The books presented further herein are published under the auspices of “The Fund of Outstanding Scientific Discoveries”. The books offer detailed descriptions of theory and practice of the latest scientific discoveries in the field of Physiology and Medicine, which have found a wide application and which make human life better.
Published in 2020. Cardiometry. Fundamentals of Theory and Practice
ISBN 978-5-86746-108-4
A detailed description of the theory is given and the most important criteria for cardiometric diagnostics are presented herein.

Published in 2020. The performance of the cardiovascular system in athletes. Cardiometric characteristics of physical capabilities in athletes’ performance before their sporting activities, in their sporting activities and upon ceasing them.
ISBN 978-5-86746-123-8
This is the first book defining the healthy heart. You can find everything to understand your own physical capabilities.

Published in 2007. Theoretical Principles of Heart Cycle Phase Analysis
ISBN 978-5-86746-125-4 (Russian version)
ISBN 978-3-937909-57-8 (English version)
The book deals with a new fundamental science: cardiometry, which becomes very popular due to its practical applicability.

Published in 2017. Leaflet: The one and only case in history of modern civilization: creating CARDIOMETRY, a new fundamental science. It’s a popular science essay to outline the discovery and the discoverers thereof.

Published in 2019. The paper by Russian mathematicians S.Chefranov and A.Chefranov is devoted to the new analytical solution of the 3D Navier-Stokes equation for compressible medium to clarify the sixth Millennium Prize problem.

Published in 2011. High-accuracy non-invasive measuring of main hemodynamics parameters.
ISBN 978-3-8465-1951-6
The book deals with some new approaches to solutions concerning introduction of a new point on ECG: it’s point L.

Published in 2012. The Cardiovascular System. Physiology, Diagnostics and Clinical Implications.
ISBN 978-953-51-0534-3
You can find four chapters written by the Cardiometry theory originators. One of the chapters treats a problem of measuring AP with a blood pressure cuff and describes the history of the fundamental scientific discovery.

Published in 2016. The Siege of Leningrad. Discoveries in Biology and Medicine.
ISBN 978-5-86746-126-2
The book presents unique data on Physiology in human individuals recorded under the siege of Leningrad during the World War II 1941-1945.

Released in 2004
Certificate of Discovery Registration issued in 1976
Periodic system of human organism states.
ISBN 5-86766-043-6
The periodic system table offers in detail the relevant characteristics of all the five adaptational reactions in a human organism: stress, reaction of training, reactions of calm and elevated activation and over-activation.

Published in 2006. Activation Therapy.
ISBN 5-7507-0179-4
The book provides for a detailed description of all the five adaptational reactions in a human organism: stress, reaction of training, reactions of calm and elevated activation and over-activation. It’s a New Age in health care. The only way to achieve effectiveness in medical treatment is to use the knowledge of the adaptational reactions in a human organism.
Medical equipment designed on the basis of the above mentioned fundamental discoveries
Diagnostics equipment for cardiology: PC-assisted device CARDIOCODE, designed and developed on the basis of the cardiometric technology. It’s an exclusive device capable of delivering unique data within 1 minute for the most accurate cardiovascular system diagnostics.

Unique effective pain- relief and treatment with the use of low-intensity electromagnetic field having some specific ECG wave frequencies: device Ezh-2 (Energy of Life -2). It’s the most efficient and powerful instrument for improvement of the immune system performance. Upon completion of five therapy sessions, the immune system demonstrates a three- or four-fold higher level in its performance.

VIDEO ABOUT CARDIOMETRY

Founders of a new fundamental science: Cardiometry

www.vzernov.com

www.mrudenko.com

www.ovoronova.com

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