Correction of the recording artifacts and detection of the functional deviations in ECG by means of syndrome decoding with an automatic burst error correction of the cyclic codes using periodograms for determination of code component spectral range

Original research

Correction of the recording artifacts and detection of the functional deviations in ECG by means of syndrome decoding with an automatic burst error correction of the cyclic codes using periodograms for determination of code component spectral range

Evgenie D. Adamovi—Ā1*Pavel L. Aleksandrov1Oleg V. Gradov1Leonid M. Mamalyga2Maksim L. Mamalyga3

1 Institute of Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russia 119334 Moscow, Leninsky prosp. 28, building 2

2 Institute of Biology and Chemistry, Moscow Pedagogical State University
Russia 129164 Moscow, Kibalchicha str. 6, building 1

3 Bakulev Scientific Center of Cardiovascular Surgery
Russia 121552 Moscow, Rublevskoe sh. 135

* Corresponding author:
  +7 (915) 492-29-43
  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Aims

This paper describes a novel approach to the analysis of electrocardiographic data based on the consideration of the repetitive P, Q, R, S, T sequences as cyclic codes. In Part I we introduce a principle similar to the syndrome decoding using the control numbers, which allows correcting the noise combinations.

Materials and methods

We propose to apply the burst-error-correcting algorithms for automatic detection of the ECG artifacts and the functional abnormalities, including those compared to the reference model. Our approach is compared to the symbolic dynamics methods. During the automated search of the code components (i.e. point values and spectral ranges one-to-one corresponding to P, Q, R, S, T) considered in Part II, the authors apply the Lomb-Scargle periodogram method with the phase control which allows to determine the code components not only from the main harmonics, but also using the sidebands, avoiding the phase errors.

Results

The results of the method testing on rats with the heart failure using a simplified telemetric recording from the implantable chips are given in Part III. A complete independence of the results of the determination of the code points (fingerprints) from the variables for which the calculation is performed is shown. We also prove the robustness of the above approach with respect to the most types of the non-adaptive filtration.

Conclusion

The above method can be useful not only for experimental medicine, but also for veterinary and clinical diagnostic practice. This method is adequately reproduced both on animals and human ECG, except for some constant values.

Imprint

Evgenie D. Adamovi—Ā, Pavel L. Aleksandrov, Oleg V. Gradov, Leonid M. Mamalyga, Maksim L. Mamalyga. Correction of the recording artifacts and detection of the functional deviations in ECG by means of syndrome decoding with an automatic burst error correction of the cyclic codes using periodograms for determination of the code component spectral range. Part 1: Basic principles of the novel approach; Cardiometry; No.6; May 2015; p.65-76; DOI:10.12710/cardiometry.2015.6.6576 Available from: www.cardiometry.net/no6-may-2015/functional-deviations-in-ecg

Keywords

CARDIOMETRY’s Library

The books presented further herein are published under the auspices of ‚ÄúThe Fund of Outstanding Scientific Discoveries‚ÄĚ. The books offer detailed descriptions of theory and practice of the latest scientific discoveries in the field of Physiology and Medicine, which have found a wide application and which make human life better.
Published in 2020. Cardiometry. Fundamentals of Theory and Practice
ISBN 978-5-86746-108-4
A detailed description of the theory is given and the most important criteria for cardiometric diagnostics are presented herein.

Published in 2020. The performance of the cardiovascular system in athletes. Cardiometric characteristics of physical capabilities in athletes’ performance before their sporting activities, in their sporting activities and upon ceasing them.
ISBN 978-5-86746-123-8
This is the first book defining the healthy heart. You can find everything to understand your own physical capabilities.

Published in 2007. Theoretical Principles of Heart Cycle Phase Analysis
ISBN 978-5-86746-125-4 (Russian version)
ISBN 978-3-937909-57-8 (English version)
The book deals with a new fundamental science: cardiometry, which becomes very popular due to its practical applicability.

Published in 2017. Leaflet: The one and only case in history of modern civilization: creating CARDIOMETRY, a new fundamental science. It’s a popular science essay to outline the discovery and the discoverers thereof.

Published in 2019. The paper by Russian mathematicians S.Chefranov and A.Chefranov is devoted to the new analytical solution of the 3D Navier-Stokes equation for compressible medium to clarify the sixth Millennium Prize problem.

Published in 2011. High-accuracy non-invasive measuring of main hemodynamics parameters.
ISBN 978-3-8465-1951-6
The book deals with some new approaches to solutions concerning introduction of a new point on ECG: it’s point L.

Published in 2012. The Cardiovascular System. Physiology, Diagnostics and Clinical Implications.
ISBN 978-953-51-0534-3
You can find four chapters written by the Cardiometry theory originators. One of the chapters treats a problem of measuring AP with a blood pressure cuff and describes the history of the fundamental scientific discovery.

Published in 2016. The Siege of Leningrad. Discoveries in Biology and Medicine.
ISBN 978-5-86746-126-2
The book presents unique data on Physiology in human individuals recorded under the siege of Leningrad during the World War II 1941-1945.

Released in 2004
Certificate of Discovery Registration issued in 1976
Periodic system of human organism states.
ISBN 5-86766-043-6
The periodic system table offers in detail the relevant characteristics of all the five adaptational reactions in a human organism: stress, reaction of training, reactions of calm and elevated activation and over-activation.

Published in 2006. Activation Therapy.
ISBN 5-7507-0179-4
The book provides for a detailed description of all the five adaptational reactions in a human organism: stress, reaction of training, reactions of calm and elevated activation and over-activation. It’s a New Age in health care. The only way to achieve effectiveness in medical treatment is to use the knowledge of the adaptational reactions in a human organism.
Medical equipment designed on the basis of the above mentioned fundamental discoveries
Diagnostics equipment for cardiology: PC-assisted device CARDIOCODE, designed and developed on the basis of the cardiometric technology. It’s an exclusive device capable of delivering unique data within 1 minute for the most accurate cardiovascular system diagnostics.

Unique effective pain- relief and treatment with the use of low-intensity electromagnetic field having some specific ECG wave frequencies: device Ezh-2 (Energy of Life -2). It’s the most efficient and powerful instrument for improvement of the immune system performance. Upon completion of five therapy sessions, the immune system demonstrates a three- or four-fold higher level in its performance.

VIDEO ABOUT CARDIOMETRY

Founders of a new fundamental science: Cardiometry

www.vzernov.com

www.mrudenko.com

www.ovoronova.com

OUR PARTNERS

Russian New University


Your online partner for English language editing, proofreading, medical writing, formatting, design & development and publication support services


Online ECG / Telemetry Certification Course

Teach you everything you need to interpret arrhythmia and administer a 12-lead EKG


Cardiocode - unique diagnostics of the heart