ECG periodic table: a new ECG classification based on heart cycle phase analysis

The article aims at describing the basic principles of cardiometry – a fundamentally new scientific field which enables the accurate…

Leonardo da Vinci perhaps was the first who paid attention to the energetic efficiency of existence of vortices emerging near…

A shortcoming common to all existing designs of mechanical cardiac valve prostheses is an increased trombogenicity caused, among other factors,…

The paper describes some concepts on processes occurring in the neuroendocrine and immune systems during development of general unspecific adaptational…

Original research

ECG periodic table: a new ECG classification based on heart cycle phase analysis Featured

Mikhail Y. Rudenko1*Olga K. Voronova1Vladimir A. Zernov1

1 Russian New University, 105005, Russia, Moscow, 22 Radio St.

* Corresponding author:
   +7 (8634) 31-24-03
  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The article considers the development of the periodic table of ECG phase changes which should reflect the variety of the ECG curves and can be used as reference system for diagnostics purposes.

Materials and methods

More than 5,000 ECG records were studied. They were recorded as original single-lead ECG of the ascending aorta. This fundamentally new ECG lead system reflects all processes in cardiovascular system. It was named by its developers the “ECG – HDA”. Basing on the theory of cardiac cycle phase analysis, the authors defined deviations from the normal ECG curve. Clinical tests were conducted and descriptions based on the laws of cardiometry were provided.


A fundamentally new system of the ECG curve evaluation has been developed.


It is stated that all the variety of the actual ECG curves can be divided into 10 groups. Each group contains 4 levels of characteristic changes, starting from the norm up to and including critical deviations from the norm. The results are presented in the “ECG phase changes periodic table”. The table can be used for very precise diagnostics. The periodic table enables assessing the capabilities of the practical application of electrocardiography from a new point of view.


Mikhail Y. Rudenko, Olga K. Voronova, Vladimir A. Zernov. ECG periodic table: a new ECG classification based on heart cycle phase analysis; Cardiometry; No.2; May 2013; p.19-28; DOI: 10.12710/cardiometry.2013.2.1928 Available from:



Our book in WoS™ Core Collection

We are glad to inform you that the book "Theoretical principles of heart cycle phase analysis" written by researchers from Russian New University has been accepted and indexed in The Book Citation Index in Web of Science™ Core Collection



Russian New University

Your online partner for English language editing, proofreading, medical writing, formatting, design & development and publication support services