Coincidence of renal artery stenosis and coronary artery stenosis

Original research

Coincidence of renal artery stenosis and coronary artery stenosis

Hossein Nough1, Mohammad Reza Najarzadegan1, Aryan Naghedi1, Ali Reza Riazi11, Leila Hadiani1*, Seyede Mahdieh Namayandeh1

1Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences
Iran, 97514, Yazd, Jomhuri Blvd

2 Iran University of Medical Sciences
Iran, 14535, Tehran

* Corresponding author:
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Aims

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of renal artery stenosis in patients with severe coronary artery disease or stenosis of the left main coronary artery.

Materials and methods

This cross-sectional study was performed on 264 patients with a history of severe hypertension who were candidates for coronary artery angiography in Yazd Afshar Hospital. During coronary angiography, renal angiography was performed on all of the patients. At the same time, we investigated the renal artery stenosis and its association with a history of diabetes mellitus, high body mass index (BMI), hyperlipidemia, and other cardiovascular risk factors. Renal artery stenosis was defined based on luminal narrowing: mild (50%), moderate (75%), and severe (75%) decrease in luminal diameter. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 18.0).

Results

Among 264 patients, 54.92% were males and 45.08 % were females with the average age of 58.0±8.6. 83.71% of the patients had coronary artery disease and included 52.94% hyperglycemic, 63.39% diabetic, and 29.86% smokers. Prevalence of the renal artery stenosis (equal to or more than 50%) was 38.25% in all patients, including 43.56% in men and 56.44%, in women, which shows a significant difference (P=0.04). Prevalence of co-morbidity of coronary artery disease and renal artery stenosis for 1-vessel, 2-vessels, and 3-vessels disease was 34%, 57.14%, and 54.17%, respectively, that showed a significant difference (P<0.01).

Conclusion

Our findings showed a high prevalence (38.25%) of renal artery stenosis in hypertensive patients with coronary artery diseases. Accordingly, we suggest that simultaneous renal angiography after coronary angiography in hypertensive patients may help to find patients with renal artery stenosis and subsequently better management of these patients.

Imprint

Hossein Nough, Mohammad Reza Najarzadegan, Aryan Naghedi, Ali Reza Riazi1, Leila Hadiani, Seyede Mahdieh Namayandeh. Coincidence of renal artery stenosis and coronary artery stenosis. Cardiometry; Issue 14; May 2019; p.52-56; DOI: 10.12710/cardiometry.2019.14.5256; Available from: http://www.cardio­metry.net/issues/no14-may-2019/сoincidence-of-renal-artery-stenosis

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